About Montessori

Background of Montessori:

 

Maria Montessori was born in 1870. Throughout her early years she was very interested in science and engineering. She wanted to become a medical doctor. Because she was a women, the establishment turned her away but she persisted time and again until she gained entry into Medical School.

Her initial work was with mentally diverse children in a psychiatric ward. In time, these hospitalised children learned to read and write and her work gained national attention.

In 1907, she opened the first Casa de Bambini (Childrens House) in Rome, Italy where slum children were brought in order to remove them from the streets. Her experimental work produced miraculous results with children blossoming far beyond their years into abstract learning through the use of concrete materials. It was a process based on observation of the child followed by the child’s self education in a prepared environment.

By the time of her death in 1952, Maria Montessori had developed a comprehensive framework for revolutionising education – quite distant from the mainstream of conventional, governmental education.

Her ability to observe and reflect on her observations created a totally new context for the child’s learning. The context for Montessori education is a prepared environment developed on the basis of humanity’s fundamental needs and tendencies.